With a plethora of youth development research and theories to scour and assess, deciding how to best support positive youth development (PYD) can be daunting. However, a review of numerous frameworks proposed and validated by researchers and practitioners highlights that many seamlessly converge within the same basic foci: Belonging, Mastery, Independence and Generosity (i.e., Essential Elements of 4-H). This publication offers youth development professionals a new way to view the connections between positive youth development research (dating back to 1907) by highlighting over a dozen youth development frameworks and demonstrating how each framework is in alignment with the Essential Elements of 4-H.
Youth and Families
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